1.3m focal length monochromator / spectrometer, McPherson Model 209

Model 209 Czerny-Turner Monochromator for High Resolution Spectroscopy

McPherson, Inc. Research Grade Czerny-Turner Monochromators are available in many different focal lengths and with many different options. Chances are good that we have one just right for your application. Models ranging from 0.67-m to 2-meter focal lengths share a wealth of features. Used in air the spectral range of these instruments extends from 185-nm to 78-µm, and with vacuum down to 105-nm (depends on the grating.) For intermediate ranges a purge gas can be used (Nitrogen, for example.) McPherson SNAP IN gratings allow the alignment-free use of many different gratings. Easily view a wider spectral range or obtain higher resolution! You can retrofit years later and not have to worry about alignment with the McPherson SNAP IN approach. Our dual grating turret also accepts these easy to exchange gratings.

Model 209 PDF Data Sheet

High resolution / Hyperfine press release


Specifications & Additional Information:

Optical DesignMcPherson Model 209 1.33-meter focal length f/9.4 Monochromator
Focal Length1.33-meter, Czerny Turner design Spectrometer with Patented "Snap-In" gratings
Aperture Ratio9.4 (11.6 with smaller grating)
Wavelength Rangerefer to grating of interest for range, in extended position increase top limit 20%
Wavelength Accuracy+/-0.05 nm (with 1200 G/mm grating)
Wavelength Reproducibility+/- 0.005 nm (with 1200 G/mm grating)
Grating Size120 x 140-mm (or 110 x 110-mm) - Echelle gratings up to 220-mm wide
Slit LocationsAxial and lateral with optional extra entrance and exit port selection mirrors
Focal Plane50-mm maximum width, multiply dispersion by the width of your detector for range

Performance with various diffraction gratings:

Grating (G/mm) (others available) 2400 1800 1200 600 300 150 75 20
Wavelength Range from 185 nm to 650nm 860nm 1.3um 2.6um 5.2um 10.4um 20.8um 78um
Resolution (nm) at 313.1 nm 0.005 0.007 0.01 0.02 0.04 0.08 0.16 0.60
Dispersion (nm/mm) 0.31 0.41 0.62 1.24 2.48 4.96 9.92 37.2
First Order Littrow Blaze (nm) 240nmHolo250nm300nm750nm 1.25um2.0um45um
300nm300nm500nm1.0um 2.5um3.0um
Holo500nm750nm3.0um 4.0um8.0um
750nm1.0um4.0um 6.0um10.0um
1.0um1.85um 8um12um

Outline Drawing

McPherson Model 209

Select Publications

Abstract: Microplasma has been applied widely in micro fabrication. The diagnostics of microplasma generated in the scanning plasmas etching system is critical during the system operation. An experimental system is setup to investigate microplasma parameters of the dc-driven microplasmas reactor operating in CHF3 reactive gases at different gas pressure. The electron density and temperature was calculated from the optical emission spectral (OES) of the microplasmas based on Stark broadening of the Balmer lines of the hydrogen, Hβ and Hγ. The results of this paper may provide experimental verification for the optimized design of operative conditions of microplasmas reactor.
Hai Wang ; Sch. of Mech. & Automotive Eng., Anhui Polytech. Univ., Wuhu, China ; Zhou Xuan ; Li Han ; Wen Li
Abstract: The charge exchange spectroscopy (CES) system on Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research (KSTAR) was installed last year and had been applied to measure the C VI ion temperature and rotation velocity profiles. The ion temperature and rotation velocity profiles had been estimated from the C VI 5290.5 Å (n = 8–7) charge-exchange spectrum signal measured by a Czerny-Turner type spectrometer and a thinned back-illuminated charge coupled device(CCD) camera. However, the Czerny-Turner type spectrometer used for the KSTAR CES system showed so low signal to noise ratio for KSTAR plasmas in the 2010 experimental campaign that the time resolution of the CES system had been limited to 100 ms due to the increased exposure time of the attached CCD camera. Then, new two-grating spectrometer had been developed in order to improve the time resolution of the CES system. The spectrometer consists of two gratings (1200 g/mm and 1800 g/mm each) with additive configuration, concave mirrors (f = 50 cm), and a cylindrical lens (f = 50 cm). The time resolution of the CES system increases by a factor of 2–4 with the two-grating spectrometer. The C VI ion temperature and rotation velocity profiles obtained by the two-grating spectrometer are compared to those by Czerny-Turner type spectrometer in this paper.
Hyungho Lee, Eun-ji Song, Young-dong Park, Soo-ghee Oh and Won-Ha Ko
Abstract: Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is a technique for measuring surface matter composition. LIBS is performed by focusing laser radiation onto a target surface, ablating the surface, forming a plasma, and analyzing the light produced. LIBS surface analysis is a possible diagnostic for characterizing plasma-facing materials in ITER. Oak Ridge National Laboratory has enabled the initial installation of a laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy diagnostic on the prototype Material-Plasma Exposure eXperiment (Proto-MPEX), which strives to mimic the conditions found at the surface of the ITER divertor. This paper will discuss the LIBS implementation on Proto-MPEX, preliminary design of the fiber optic LIBS collection probe, and the expected results.
G. Shaw, M. Z. Martin, R. Martin and T. M. Biewer
Abstract: The neutral, singly, doubly and triply ionized mercury (Hg I–IV, respectively) spectral line shapes and line center positions have been investigated in the laboratory helium plasma at electron densities ranging between 9.3 × 1022 m−3 and 1.93 × 1023 m−3 and electron temperatures around 19,500 K, both interesting for astrophysics. The mercury (natural isotope composition) atoms were sputtered from the cylindrical amalgamated gold plates located in the homogenous part of the pulsed helium discharge operating at a pressure of 665 Pa in a flowing regime. The mercury spectral line profiles were recorded using the McPherson model 209 spectrograph and the Andor ICCD camera as the detection system. This research presents Stark broadening parameters, the width (W) and the shift (d), of one Hg I, 19 Hg II, 6 Hg III and 4 Hg IV lines, not investigated so far. Our experimental W values were compared with the data calculated applying various approaches. The shape and intensity of astrophysically important 398.4 nm Hg II spectral line was discussed taking into account the isotope shift, hyperfine structure and Penning effects. At the mentioned plasma parameters the Stark broadening is found to be a main line broadening mechanism of the lines (λ > 200 nm) in the Hg I–IV spectra.
M. Gavrilov, M. Skočić, M. Burger, S. Bukvić, , S. Djeniže
Abstract: A multi-channel high resolution spectrometer was developed for the measurement of the edge plasma rotation on J-TEXT tokamak. With the design of two opposite viewing directions, the poloidal and toroidal rotations can be measured simultaneously, and velocity accuracy is up to 1 km/s. The photon flux was enhanced by utilizing combined optical fiber. With this design, the time resolution reaches 3 ms. An assistant software “Spectra Assist” was developed for implementing the spectrometer control and data analysis automatically. A multi-channel monochromatic analyzer is designed to get the location of chosen ions simultaneously through the inversion analysis. Some preliminary experimental results about influence of plasma density, different magnetohydrodynamics behaviors, and applying of biased electrode are presented.
Z. F. Cheng, J. Luo, Z. J. Wang, Z. P. Zhang, X. L. Zhang, S. Y. Hou, C. Cheng and G. Zhuang

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