windowless hollow cathode lamp for vacuum ultraviolet ionized gas emission lines

UV-VIS-IR Spectral Test Station for Calibration and Measurement

This system was originally developed to determine detection ranges of heat seeking and light guided missiles. It meets the challenge of analyzing spectral sensitivity of detectors under development or in devices of unknown origin. It also serves as a spectral photometer if the large 5 inch (125 mm) monochromatic sample beam is used to measure transmissivity, reflectance or fluorescence of unusual samples.

This spectrometer uses reflective mirrors throughout the optical system and offers high resolution, high throughput, and optimized wavelength coverage.

The 190 nm to 20 micron selectable and scannable spectral energy emerges and reaches the sample stage in the form of a >125 mm collimated beam. This beam can be optically treated to also illuminate smaller sample areas.


Optical DesignCzerny Turner design Monochromator / Spectrometer
Focal Length350 mm
Aperture Ratiof/4.8 (NA 0.1)
Wavelength Rangerefer to grating of interest for range
Wavelength Accuracy±0.2 nm
Wavelength Reproducibility± 0.05 nm (with 1200 G/mm grating)
Grating Size68 x 68 mm (single grating holder, optional dual-grating turret)
SlitsMicrometer adjustable width 0.01 to 4 mm, height settings from 2 to 20 mm
Slit LocationsAxial and lateral, with optional port selection mirrors
Focal Plane25-mm, multiply dispersion by the width of your detector for range

Performance with various diffraction gratings:

Grating Groove Density (g/mm) 3600 2400 1800 1200 600 300 150 75 50
Spectral Resolution at 312.6nm (nm, FWHM) 0.02 0.025 0.035 0.05 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.8 1.2
Reciprocal Linear Dispersion (nm/mm) 0.7 1 1.5 2 4 8 16 32 48
Wavelength Range from 185nm to 430 650 865 1.3 um 2.6 um 5.2 um 10.4 um 20.8 um 31.2 um
First Order Littrow Blaze (nm) 240240180200250 2803002 um600
holo300250300300 3005003 um12 um
holo400400500 5008008 um14 um
holo500750 7501.25 um10 um
7501 um 1 um2.5 um12 um
1 um1.8 um 3 um4 um
holoholo 4 um6 um
8 um


Tunable 120 - 380nm Focused Output
(reflective and refractive optics)
focused output (reflective and refractive optics)

Tunable 120 - 380nm Collimated Output
(all reflective optics)
focused output (all reflective optics)

Tunable 30nm+ Focused Output
(all reflective optics)
focused output (all reflective optics)

Tunable 120 - 380nm 150mm Collimated Output
(all reflective optics)
focused output (all reflective optics)

Select Publications

Abstract: Contactless measurements of water temperature are utilized in a number of sciences, such as oceanography, climatology, and biology. Previously reported Raman spectroscopy techniques exploited the changes in the shapes of water Raman bands. Interpretation of these changes is difficult since these bands are composed of multiple lines, each influenced not only by temperature but also by pressure and salinity. This paper presents a proof-of-principal demonstration of a contactless technique which determines water temperature from the ratio of Stokes and anti-Stokes intensities of the water 180 cm1 Raman band. This ratio is not sensitive to pressure and salinity, allowing reliable determination of water temperature.
S. P. Nikitin, C. Manka, J. Grun, and J. Bowles
Abstract: The luminous efficiency and lifetime of plasma display panels (PDPs) are directly related to the performance of phosphors used in PDPs, thus higher efficiency, higher stability against high temperature processes and a long lifetime along with good color chromaticity against vacuum-ultraviolet (VUV) radiation are major concerns in selecting suitable phosphors for PDPs. In the same pursuit, we have developed the nano-sized (15–40 nm) BAM:Eu2+, YAG:Tb3+ and YAG:Eu3+ as blue, green and red phosphors and studied their luminescence properties under VUV excitations. In BAM:Eu2+, the 5d-excitation of Eu2+ ions are found strongly dependent on the crystal field strength and Eu2+ occupy lattice ‘sites I’ by substituting Ba2+ ions. Whereas, in YAG:Tb3+, the observed green luminescence is assigned to 5D4?7Fj transitions (j = 3–6) due to electric dipole–dipole interaction, while, YAG:Eu3+ shows strong red luminescence corresponding to 5D0?7F2 transition. Time evolution studies along with decay time calculations are further employed to verify the sustainable emission without quenching.
Prashant K. Sharma, Ranu K. Dutta, Avinash C. Pandey
Abstract: Porous silicon samples have been prepared from p-type single-crystal silicon <100> by a galvanostatic and an open-circuit etch in 50% HF. The materials display bright red-orange room-temperature photoluminescence (PL) in air and toluene solution. Infrared measurements show that the porous silicon surface is partially oxidized. Exposure to anthracene (An) or 10-methylphenothiazine (MPTZ) results in dynamic quenching of the material's excited state(s). Nanosecond time-resolved PL decays are complex and wavelength dependent, with average lifetimes in neat toluene of 0.3-16 µs. Quenching by An and MPTZ is more efficient and rapid at short observation wavelengths. The steady-state and time-resolved quenching data are well fit to the Stern-Volmer model. The PL decays are well described by a skewed distribution of recombination rates.
Minh C. Ko and Gerald J. Meyer
Abstract: Discussed are the photoluminescence properties of combustion synthesized red and green emitting borate phosphors—YBO3 : Eu3+, BaZr(BO3)2 : Eu3+, YCaBO4 : Eu3+, YAl3(BO3)4 : Eu3+, YAl3(BO3)4 : Tb3+, LaBaB9O16 : Tb3+, LaBaB9O16 : (Ce3+,Tb3+), and Na3La2(BO3)3 : Tb3+-promising for use in plasma display panels and mercury-free fluorescent lamps.
P. A. Nagpure, S. K. Omanwar
Abstract: Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) with femtosecond interaction pulses has become a popular and powerful spectroscopic method. Non-resonant background is one of the most limiting factors for implementing this method more widely. We propose a new approach that suppresses the non-resonant background contribution to the measured signal in CARS spectroscopy while simultaneously yielding high spectral resolution. The method is based on femtosecond pulse shaping of probe, Stokes and pump beams. Destructive interference suppresses the non-resonant background, resulting only in the resonant contribution being detected.
Stanislav O. Konorov, Michael W. Blades and Robin F. B. Turner
Abstract: We investigate the possibility of implementing coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS) with a single laser beam passed through a one-dimensional scattering object. The effect of the random scattering is emulated by shaping the laser pulses with a spectral mask corresponding to the transmission spectrum of a random layered medium. Raman resonances are retrieved through correlation analysis of the CARS spectrum. We study the effect of the scattering parameters on the resolution of the method, and show that improvement of the spectroscopic sensitivity can be achieved by compensating the phase distortions introduced by the scatterer
T.M. Drane, J.W. Hepburn and V. Milner

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