Optional Ultra High Vacuum (UHV) metal sealed versions for 10^-10 torr
The unique 670 mm focal length built clean and vacuum tight. Constructed of stainless steel this is a stable instrument suitable for any spectroscopy technique that requires vacuum or purge conditions. Use the large 120x140mm f/4.7 gratings to optimize for throughput. Opt for f/5.8 110*110mm gratings for the option to use a dual grating turret. High quality master optics provide excellent performance from about 105nm vacuum ultraviolet all the way to the Infrared. The optics are Aluminum and Magnesium Fluoride coated for best broadband performance. Coatings like Gold or Silver can also be provided.
Wavelengths from 105nm to 20-um can be covered within the scanning range and with appropriate gratings. The 207 optics provide best FWHM spectral resolution; aspheric optics are installed for imaging. The oversize output focusing mirror reduces intensity losses and delivers spectra to a large 50mm focal plane. Use it for Raman, Photoluminescence, Fluorescence, Emission, Reflection and Transmission.
Abstract: Absorption, fluorescence, and fluorescence excitation spectra of 12-hydroxy-1-azaperylene (HAP) and 1-azaperylene were studied in n-alkane matrices at 5 K. Two stable tautomers of HAP, each of them in n-nonane embedded in two sites, were identified and attributed to the enol and keto forms. Theoretical calculations of the energy and vibrational structure of the spectra suggest that tautomer A, with the (0, 0) transition energy at 18 980 ± 10 cm–1 (and 19 060 ± 10 cm–1 in the high energy site), should be identified as the keto form, whereas tautomer B, with the (0, 0) energy at 19 200 ± 20 cm–1 (19 290 ± 20 cm–1), as the enol form. Observation of absorption and fluorescence of both tautomeric forms and lack of large Stokes shift of fluorescence of the keto form classify HAP as the limiting case of the excited-state intramolecular proton transfer system.
Irena Deperasińska, Daniel T. Gryko, Elena Karpiuk, Bolesław Kozankiewicz, Artur Makarewicz, and Joanna Piechowska
Abstract: We studied absorption and fluorescence spectra and decays of pentacene (Pc) in Shpol'skii matrices of n-heptane (C7), n-nonane (C9), n-decane (C10), n-dodecane (C12), n-tetradecane (C14) and n-hexadecane (C16) in the temperature range 1.7–200 K. The fluorescence quantum yields of Pc in C12, C14 and C16 at 1.7 K were determined to be 20±6%, 26±6% and 22±6%, respectively. The kinetic analysis provided values of the radiative, internal conversion and intersystem crossing rate constants for the relaxation channels of the S1 state of Pc in different matrices. Calculated fully saturated emission rates of single molecule were in very good relation with previous observation of single Pc molecules in Shpol'skii matrices.
M. Banasiewicz, I. Deperasińska, D. Fabjanowicz, B. Kozankiewicz
Abstract: Single terrylene molecules were detected for the first time in 2,3-dimethylnaphthalene crystals. Experiments provided information about the structural dynamics of the crystal over a wide temperature range. Blinking of the fluorescence intensity of terrylene molecules, between 5 and 150 K, was related to dynamics of the methyl groups of the host molecules surrounding the probe. Photo-bleaching of single terrylenes, monitored over the whole temperature range, at temperatures above 220 K was attributed to thermally activated reorientation of the host molecules, already discovered by nuclear magnetic resonance. Photo-bleaching time was too short to detect terrylene molecules at temperatures above 260 K.
M. Banasiewicz, D. Wiącek, B. Kozankiewicz
Abstract: Photoluminescence(PL) studies were carried out on CuAlS2heteroepitaxial layers grown by low‐pressure metalorganic chemical vapor deposition. The epilayers exhibited an intense near‐band‐edge PL peak at 3.525 eV (77 K) in the ultraviolet (UV) wavelength region together with PL bands at 2.76 and 2.1 eV. This near‐band‐edge PL peak showed the following properties: (i) the PL was strongly polarized parallel to the c axis, (ii) the peak energy varied from 3.497 to 3.525 eV at 77 K with increasing epilayer thickness from 0.49 to 0.67 μm, and (iii) the emission was observed up to room temperature. This UV‐PL was tentatively assigned to an exciton‐related emission, energy shifted due to the residual lattice strain.
Shigefusa Chichibu, Hisayuki Nakanishi and Sho Shirakata
Abstract: The use of lithium-coated plasma facing components for plasma density control is studied in the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX). A recently installed liquid lithiumdivertor (LLD) module has a porous molybdenum surface, separated by a stainless steel liner from a heated copper substrate. Lithium is deposited on the LLD from two evaporators. Two new spectroscopic diagnostics are installed to study the plasma surface interactions on the LLD: (1) A 20-element absolute extreme ultraviolet (AXUV) diode array with a 6 nm bandpass filter centered at 121.6 nm (the Lyman-α transition) for spatially resolved divertor recycling rate measurements in the highly reflective LLD environment, and (2) an ultraviolet-visible-near infrared R=0.67 m imaging Czerny–Turner spectrometer for spatially resolved divertor D I, Li I-II, C I-IV, Mo I, D2, LiD, CD emission and ion temperature on and around the LLD module. The use of photometrically calibrated measurements together with atomic physics factors enables studies of recycling and impurity particle fluxes as functions of LLD temperature, ion flux, and divertor geometry.
V. A. Soukhanovskii1, A. L. Roquemore, R. E. Bell, R. Kaita and H. W. Kugel
Abstract: The new wavelength calibration system of the grating monochrometer was described to research the wavelength characteristic of Model 207 monochrometer which was used in the spectral responsivity measurement.The automatic parts of the facility were all connected with the computer by RS232 or IEEE-488.The wavelength calibration could be carried out automatically,and the monochrometer's performance was also tested.At last the method of processing acquisition data was introduced in the program.The experiment results show that the accuracy of the monochrometer wavelength is 0.02 nm.
Yang Jiajian, Lu Xiaofeng, Feng Xiaodong, Yuan Zundong
Abstract: We present a newly designed soft plasma ionization (SPI) source developed for mass spectrometric study of organic compounds in this study. The SPI cell having a relatively small size consists of a hollow anode and a hollow mesh cathode. The voltage–current characteristic depending on the pressure was investigated, indicating that it has similar characteristics to conventional hollow cathode glow discharges. To investigate the emission characteristics of the SPI source, some molecular band emission spectra (N2, N2+ and OH+) were measured by using argon and helium discharge gases. The SPI source was installed to a commercially used quadrupole mass analyzer for analyzing organic compounds. To demonstrate the SPI source, the mass spectra of some organic compounds (methylene chloride, toluene, benzene, cyclohexane and chloroform) were measured. The organic compounds were ionized with good stability in the plasma, and the fragmentation depended on the applied current. When helium and argon gases were used as the discharge gas, the helium plasma was more suitable for SPI-MS rather than argon because the argon plasma not only suffers from spectral interference but also has lower sensitivity.
Hyunkook Parka, Ickhee Leeb, Kyu Seong Choib, Kazuaki Wagatsumaa, Sang Chun Leeb